"EWV_Exchanging worlds visions: modern architecture in Africa “Lusófona” (1943-1974) looking through Brazilian experience established since the 1930s" aims to study the architecture built in Africa “Lusófona”, mostly in Angola and Mozambique, during the modern movement period in his possible continuity more or less explicit with the reference constituted by the Brazilian production. The reception and nowadays the reinterpretation of the modern movement architecture imply the preservation of the physical, conceptual and cultural identity. The paradox lies on the fact that modern movement architecture deals and stresses a special moment of political affirmation, freedom expression and democratic values. The question is: how could this modern expression be the vehicle of colonisation? As we do believe modern architecture is not an aesthetic but the proposal of a better life. We are aware that we live in a postcolonial period. In other words, we are former colonies or colonising countries going through a post-colonial era. So, the project is called Exchanging worlds visions as we believe that the most interesting way to approach this issue is through such concepts as identity, memory and exchange (Carlos, 2007). Portugal maintained a colonial regime along the 20th century until the mid-70s. These colonial past perhaps is too recent and therefore, till now, too close for an appropriate critical and historical analyse. As a matter of fact in terms of literature the experience of modern architecture in the Portuguese colonies in Africa does not exist; i.e. no comprehensive book of history of contemporary architecture both national or international deals nor even makes reference to this subject. The history of 20th century Portuguese architecture results, up to now, limited to the present-day borders of the country. The few academic works dealing specifically with the former overseas provinces and colonies only amount to a fragmented outline, composed by single patches investigating partial geographic and time zones; leaving out vast sectors to be studied and totally lacking of a global perspective of the phenomenon (Albuquerque,1998; Ferreira, 2008; Fernandes, 2002; Magalhães, 2009; Quintã, 2009). Partner institutions decided to collaborate in EWV on the base of their previous experience from which it is to refer the widespread recognition and prestige of the team leader research on modern architecture (Tostões, 1994;1997;2004; 2006) while the other team members have developed various direct studies as well about modern architecture (Caldas, 1997; 2002), (Grilo, 1997), (Magalhães, 2000), (Miranda, 2005), (Riso, 2000; 2006). The chronological limits consider 1943 (Goodwin, 1943) as the start of research and 1974 as the end, corresponding the fall of the colonial regime. In fact, in 1943 rose from Brazil the wave which spread modern architecture ideas in the global world. In this framework, young Portuguese architects went overseas (and Brazil) looking for a freedom expression denied in Portugal. These pioneers of Modern movement in Africa demonstrated how modern project could be local interpreted improving and enriching the whole experience. In fact, they had to face very different conditions, physical and social, and therefore experiment daring solutions in terms of a specific response. Their experience remains valuable and interesting still today. For the first time, questions nowadays known as sustainability began to be considered as a key design concept. Modern buildings were inspired to provide a pleasant and comfortable environment. They looked for an economic and flexible design, responsive to situation changes and using the technologies available at the time mixed with the local building tradition. This research could find an important contribution in the knowledge as it concentrates on both the survey of the existing building types and the development of a technological Know-How. The methodology will establish a set of criteria for the selection and description of buildings and urban spaces. Then research will integrate different information sources (bibliography, archives and direct observation), through the elaboration of new drawings of the selected works, describing them from the site description up to the technological detail. Those drawings will be then used for the construction of all the possible specific interpretative essays. The main questions, which EWV will address, are the following: 1. What major current trends in the application of the modern movement buildings can be identified in Portuguese Africa? 2. How did the design ideas gain an appropriate adaptation to identity and physical conditions? 3. Which buildings best supported effective every day life and served the community? 4. What potential developments in modern rehabilitation and design could be delivered through these works in the future?

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